Cataract co-management involves a collaboration between an optometrist and an ophthalmologist to provide comprehensive care for patients with cataracts. The optometrist performs preoperative evaluations, educates patients about cataract surgery, and provides postoperative care. The ophthalmologist performs the surgery and manages any complications. This approach allows for efficient and effective management of cataracts, resulting in improved patient outcomes.
Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is a common eye condition that causes damage to the macula, a small area near the center of the retina. This damage can result in blurred or distorted vision, and in severe cases, can lead to permanent vision loss. AMD is more common in people over the age of 50, and risk factors include smoking, obesity, and a family history of the condition. There are two types of AMD: dry AMD, which is more common and progresses slowly, and wet AMD, which is less common but progresses more rapidly and can cause more severe vision loss.
Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that can damage the optic nerve and cause vision loss. It is often associated with high pressure in the eye, but can also occur with normal or low pressure. There are several types of glaucoma, including open-angle, angle-closure, and congenital. Risk factors for glaucoma include age, family history, high eye pressure, thin corneas, and certain medical conditions. Treatment options include eye drops, laser surgery, and traditional surgery. It is important to have regular eye exams to detect and manage glaucoma.
Diabetic-related eye exams are essential for individuals with diabetes. High blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels in the eyes, leading to vision loss or blindness. It is recommended that individuals with diabetes get a comprehensive eye exam at least once a year. During the exam, the eye doctor will check for signs of diabetic retinopathy, cataracts, and glaucoma. Early detection and treatment of these conditions can prevent further damage to the eyes and preserve vision.
Dry eye occurs when a person doesn't have enough quality tears to lubricate and nourish the eye. Tears reduce eye infections, wash away foreign matter, and keep the eye’s surface smooth and clear. People with dry eyes either do not produce enough tears or their tears are of poor quality. It’s a common and often chronic problem, especially in older adults.